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Sphygmomanometers for Clinical Use Self Blood Pressure Measurement Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurement Protocols & Standards General Papers relating to Blood Pressure Measurement

Sphygmomanometers for Clinical Use

General Papers on Clinical Measurement
Specific Manual Sphygmomanometers
Specific Automated Sphygmomanometers for Intermittent Measurement
Specific Automated Sphygmomanometers for Continuous Measurement
Tonometry

General Papers on Clinical Measurement

O'Brien E. Whither Conventional Blood Pressure Measurement? AJH 2006;19:659
 
Kametas NA, McAuliffe F, Krampl E, Nicolaides KH, Shennan AH. Can aneroid sphygmomanometers be used at altitude? J Hum Hypertens 2006;20:517-522.
 
O'Callaghan WG, Fitzgerald D, O'Malley K, O'Brien E. Accuracy of Blood Pressure Measurement in the Elderly. Br Med J 1983;286:1545-1546.
 
O'Brien E. Blood Pressure Measurement. In: Textbook of Hypertension. Ed. JD Swales.Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford. 1994. pp. 989-1008.
 
Waeber B, O'Brien E, Brunner H. How to keep technology apace with science? Blood Pressure Monitoring 1996;1 (suppl 1):S113-S115
 
O'Brien E. Blood pressure measurement at the turn of the century. Current Medical Literature; Nephrology and Hypertension 1997;3:3-6
 
O'Brien E. Blood pressure measurement at the turn of the century. Current Medical Literature; Cardiology 1997;16:35-38
 
Replacing Mercury Sphygmomanometers
O'Brien E. Will mercury manometers soon be obsolete? J Human Hypertens 1995;9:933-934.
 
O'Brien E. Ave atque vale: the centenary of clinical sphygmomanometry. Lancet 1996;348:1569-1570
 
O'Brien E. Will the millimetre of mercury be replaced by the kilopascal. J Hypertens 1998;16:259-261
 
O'Brien E.  Replacing the mercury sphygmomanometer. British Medical Journal 2000;320;815-816
 
Jones DW, Frohlich ED, Grim CM, Grim CE, Taubert KA for the Professional Education Committee,Council for High Blood Pressure Research. Mercury Sphygmomanometers Should Not be Abandoned: An Advisory Statement From the Council for High Blood Pressure Research, American Heart Association. Hypertension 2001;37:185-186
 
O'Brien E. Response to the Advisory Statement from the Council for High Blood Pressure Research of the American Heart Association Advocating Retention of Mercury Sphygmomanometer. Hypertension 2001;38:e19-e20
 

Types of Manual Sphygmomanometers

Aneroid sphygmomanometers
Burke MJ, Towers HM, O'Malley K, Fitzgerald D, O'Brien E.  Sphygmomanometers in Hospitals and Family Practice: Problems and Recommendations.  Br Med J 1982;285:469-471.
 
Jones CR, Khanna M, Rushbrook J, Poston L, Shennan AH. Are aneroid devices suitable replacements for mercury sphygmomanometers? J Hum Hypertens 2000;14:843.
 
De Luisignam S, Thiru K. Meredith K, Majeed A, Johnson P. Measuring blood pressure at the wrist: more comfortable for patients and more convenient for doctors? Public Health 2000;114:165-168
 
Yarows SA, Quian K. Accuracy of aneroid sphygmomanometers in clinical usage: University of Michigan experience. Blood Press Monit 2002;7:101-106
 
Waugh JJS, Gupta M, Rushbrook J, Halligan A, Shennan A. Hidden errors of aneroid sphygmomanometers. Blood Press Monit 2001;6:309-312
 
Mercury sphygmomanometers
Burke MJ, Towers HM, O'Malley K, Fitzgerald D, O'Brien E.  Sphygmomanometers in Hospitals and Family Practice: Problems and Recommendations.  Br Med J 1982;285:469-471.
 

Specific Manual Sphygmomanometers

A&D UM-101
Stergiou GS, Giovas PP, Gkinos CP, Tzamouranis DG. Validation of the A&D UM-101 professional hybrid device for office blood pressure measurement according to the International Protocol Blood Pressure Monitoring 2008;13:37-42
 
Accoson Greenlight 300
Graves JW, Tibor M, Murtagh B, Klein L, Sheps SG. The Accoson Greenlight 300 - the first non-automated mercury-free blood pressure measurement device to pass the International Protocol for blood pressure measuring devices in adults Blood Press Monit 2004;9:13-17
 
Hawksley random zero sphygmomanometer
Conroy R, Atkins N, Mee F, O'Brien E, O'Malley K. Using Hawksley Random Zero Sphygmomanometer as a Gold Standard May Result in Misleading Conclusions.  Blood Pressure 1994;3:283-286
 
Conroy RM, Shelley E, Atkins N, O'Brien E. Ergonomic Problems with the Hawksley Random Zero Sphygmomanometer and their Effect on Recorded Pressures. Blood Pressure 1996;:5:227-233
 
Conroy R, O'Brien E, O'Malley K, Atkins N.  Measurement error in the Hawksley random zero sphygmomanometer:  What damage has been done and what can we learn?  BMJ 1993;306:1319-1322.
 
Brown WCB, Kennedy S, Inglis GC, Murray LS, Lever AF. Mechanisms by which the Hawksley random zero sphygmomanometer underestimates blood pressure and produces a non-random distribution of RZ values. J Hum Hypertens 1997;11:75-93
 
O'Brien E, Mee F, Atkins N, O'Malley K. Inaccuracy of the Hawksley random-zero sphygmomanometer. Lancet 1990;336:1465-1468.
 
Heine
 
Gamma G7
  Dorigatti F, Bonso E, Zanier A, Palatini P. Validation of Heine Gamma G7 (G5) and XXL-LF aneroid devices for blood pressure measurement Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:29-33
 
 
Gamma XXL-LF
  Dorigatti F, Bonso E, Zanier A, Palatini P. Validation of Heine Gamma G7 (G5) and XXL-LF aneroid devices for blood pressure measurement Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:29-33
 
London School of Hygiene Sphygmomanometer
Fitzgerald D, O'Callaghan W, O'Malley K, O'Brien E.  Accuracy of the London School of Hygiene and Remler M 2000 Sphygmomanometers.  Clin Sci 1981;61:399S-401S.
 
Fitzgerald D, O'Callaghan W, O'Malley K, O'Brien E.  Inaccuracy of the London School of Hygiene Sphygmomanometer.  Br Med J 1982;284:18-19.
 
Microlife
 
WatchBP Office
  Stergiou GS, Lin CW, Lin CM, Chang SL,Protogerou AD, Tzamouranis D, Nasothimiou E, Tan TM. Automated device that complies with current guidelines for office blood pressure measurement: design and pilot application study of the Microlife WatchBP Office device. Blood Press Monit 2008;13:231-235
 
  Stergiou GS, Tzamouranis D, Protogerou A, Nasothimiou E, Kapralos C. Validation of the Microlife Watch BP Office professional device for office blood pressure measurement according to the International protocol Blood Press Monit 2008;13:299-303
 
PMS Mandaus
Wilton A, Shabeeh H, Cuckson C, Shennan AH. Validation of a non-mercury digital auscultatory device with manual pressure registration (PMS Mandaus) Blood Press Monit 2006;11:161-164
 
Shabeeh H, Cuckson AC, Jones C, Randhawa M, Shennan AH. Validation of a non-mercury digital auscultatory blood pressure measuring device: the PMS Mandaus. [dabl® Educational Trust regrets that full details are missing.] S.233 (Abstract)
 
PyMaH Mercury
O'Brien E, Mee F, Atkins N, O'Malley K. Inaccuracy of seven popular sphygmomanometers for home-measurement of blood pressure. J Hypertens 1990;8:621-634.
 
Securis Magistral
Topouchian J, Pannier B, Crisan O, Asmar RG. Validation of two new non-mercury professional sphygmomanometers "Securus". J Hypertens 1999;17 (suppl 3):S22
 
Welch-Allyn Maxi Stabil 3
Reinders A, Jones C, Cuckson A, Shennan A, The Maxi Stabil 3: Validation of an aneroid device according to a modified British Hypertension Society protocol. Blood Press Monit 2003;8:83-89
 

Specific Automated Sphygmomanometers for Intermittent Measurement

A&D TM-2564G
Kobalava ZD , Kotovskaya YV , Rodionov EV, Moiseev VS. Validation of the TM-2564G device for in-hospital blood pressure measurement Blood Pressure Monitoring 2005;10:333-335
 
Accusphyg
Pickering T. What will replace the mercury sphygmomanometer? Blood Pressure Monit 2003;8:23-25
 
BpTRU BPM-100 / 300
Mattu GS, Perry TL, Wright JM. Comparison of the oscillometric blood pressure monitor (BPM-100Beta ) with the auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometer. Blood Press Monit 2001;6:153-159
 
Wright JM, Mattu GS, Perry TL, Gelfer M, Strange KD, Zorn A, Chen Y. Validation of a new algorithm for the BPM-100 electronic oscillometric office blood pressure monitor. Blood Press Monit 2001;6:161-165
 
Graves JW, Nash C, Baily KR, Sheps SG. Utility of an automated blood pressure (BP) measuring device (BPTru) in clinical decision making. Americam Journal of Hypertension 2003;16(No 5, Part 2):49A (Abstract P-29)
 
Mattu GS, Heran BS, Wright JM. Comparison of the automated oscillometric blood pressure monitor (BpTru) with the auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometer in a paediatric population Blood Press Monit 2004;9:39-45
 
Mattu GS, Heran BS, Wright JM. Overall accuracy of the BpTru - an automated electronic blood pressure device Blood Press Monit 2004;9:47-52
 
Graves JW, Nash C, Burger K, Baily K, Sheps SG. Clinical decision-making in hypertension usin an automated (BpTRU) measurement device J Human Hypertens 2003;17:823-827
 
CAS model 9010
Golara M,Benedict A, Jones C. Randhawa M, Poston L, Shennan AH. Inflationary oscillometry provides accurate measurement of blood pressure in pre-eclampsia. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2002;109:1143-1147
 
Alpert BS. Validation of CAS model 9010 automated blood pressure monitor: children/adult and neonatal studies. Blood Pressure Monitoring 1996;1:69-73
 
Colin (Omron)
 
BP-8800
  Naschitz JE, Gaitini L, Loewenstein L, Kedren D, Zuckermann E, Tamir A, Yeshurun D. In-field validation of automatic blood pressure measuring devices. J Hum Hypertens 2000;14:37-42
   
 
BP-8800C
  Pergola PE, White CL, Graves JW, Coffey CS, Tonarelli SB, Hart RG, Benavente OR for the SPS3 investigators. Reliability and validity of blood pressure measurement in the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes study Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:1-8
   
 
Pressmate BP10
  Belghazi J, Rejdych M, Asmar R. Validation of the Omron Pressmate BP10 device for blood pressure measurement according to the international validation protocol. J Hypertens 2008;26 (suppl. 1):S487 (Abstract PS34/MON/30)
 
 
Pilot 9200
  Zorn EA, Wilson MB, Angel JJ, Zanella J, Alpert B. Validation of an automated arterial tonometry monitor using Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation standards. Blood Pressure Monitoring 1997;2:185-188
 
CVProfiler DO-2020
Prisant LM, Resnick LM, Hollenberg SM. Assessment of sequential same arm agreement of blood pressure measurements by a CVProfilor DO-2020TM versus a Baumanometer®mercury sphygmomanometer. Blood Press Monit 2001;6:149-152
 
Datascope Accutorr
Wong SN, Sung RYT, Leung LCK. Validation of three oscillometric blood pressure devices against auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometer in children Blood Pressure Monitoring 2006; 11 :281-291
 
Anwar YA, Tendler BE, McCabe EJ, Mansoor GA, White WB. Evaluation of the Datascope Accutorr Plus according to the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation. Blood Pressure Monitoring 1998;3:339-346
 
White W, Herbst T, Thavarajah S, Giacco S. Clinical evaluation of the Trimline blood pressure cuffs with the Accutorr Plus Monitor Blood Press Monit 2003;8:137-140
 
Datex-Engstrom Cardiocap II
Naschitz JE, Gaitini L, Loewenstein L, Kedren D, Zuckermann E, Tamir A, Yeshurun D. In-field validation of automatic blood pressure measuring devices. J Hum Hypertens 2000;14:37-42
 
Dinamap
Wong SN, Sung RYT, Leung LCK. Validation of three oscillometric blood pressure devices against auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometer in children Blood Pressure Monitoring 2006;11:281-291
 
Ni H, Wu C, Prineas R, Shea S, Liu K, Kronmal R, Bild D. Comparison of Dinamap PRO-100 and Mercury Sphygmomanometer Blood Pressure Measurements in a Population-Based Study AJH 2006;19:353-360
 
Ormstein S, Markeri G, Litchfield L, Zemp L: Evaluation of the DINAMAP Blood Pressure Monitor in an Ambulatory Primary Care Setting. J Family Pract 1988, 26517-521.

 
Goonasekera CD, Dillon MJ: Random zero sphygmomanometer versus automatic oscillometric blood pressure monitor: is either the instrument of choice? J Hum Hypetfens 1995, 9:685-669.
 
Runcie CJ, Reeve WG, Reidy J, Dougall JR: Blood pressure  measurement during transport. Anaesthesia 1990, 45:659-665.
 
White A, Nicolaas G, Foster K, Browne F, Carey S: Health Survey for England 1991. London: HMSO; 1993.
 
O'Brien E. Why do we use the Dinamap? Hypertension. 2000; 35;e26 June.
 
 
1846SX
  Kuo CS, Hwu CM, Kwok CF, Hsiao LC, Weih MJ, Lee SH, Ho LT. Using semi-automated oscillometric blood pressure measurement in diabetic patients and their offspring. J Diabetes and complications 2000;14:288-293
 
  Braam RL, Thien Th. Validation of the Welch Allyn Vital Signs Monitor against intra-arterial blood pressure measurements and measurements with the Dinamap 1846 SX. J Hypertens 2001;19(suppl 2):S24 (Abstract)
   
 
1846XT
  Beaubien ER, Card CM, Card SE, Biem HJ, Wilson TW. Accuracy of the Dinamap 1846 XT automated blood pressure monitor. J Hum Hypertens 2002;16:647-652
   
 
8100
  O'Brien E, Mee F, Atkins N, O'Malley K. Short report: Accuracy of the Dinamap portable monitor, model 8100 determined by the British Hypertension Society protocol. J Hypertens 1993;11:761-763.
 
  O'Brien E, Atkins N. Accuracy of the Dinamap Portable Monitor, Model 8100: a review of the evidence for accuracy. Blood Pressure Monitoring 1997;2:31-33
 
  O'Brien E. Accuracy of the Dinamap 8100. Am J Hypertens 1997;10:143-14428/6/96)
 
  O'Brien E. Inaccuracy of the Dinamap Portable Monitor Model 8100. Lancet 1997;349:1026
 
  Parker SB, Steigerwalt SP. The Dinamap dilemma: Inaccuracy of the commonly used Dinamap 8100 compared to simultaneous mercury manometer measurements in hospitalized patients at different levels of blood pressure Am J Hypertens 2004;17(No. 5, Part 2):52A (Abstract P-57)
 
 
8700
  Boiling K: The Dinamap 8700 Calibration Study: a Survey Carried Out by the Social Survey Division of OPCS on Behalf of the Department of Health. London: HMSO; 1994.
 
 
Pro-100
  Ni H, Wu C, Prineas R, Shea S, Liu K, Kronmal R, Bild D. Comparison of Dinamap PRO-100 and Mercury Sphygmomanometer Blood Pressure Measurements in a Population-Based Study Am J Hypertens 2006; 9:353-360
 
 
ProCare
  de Greeff A, Reggiori F, Shennan AH. Clinical assessment of the DINAMAP ProCare monitor in an adult population according to the British Hypertension Society Protocol Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:51-55
   
  Reinders A, Reggiori F , Shennan AH. Validation of the DINAMAP ProCare blood pressure device according to the international protocol in an adult population Blood Press Monit 2006;11:293-296
 
 
ProCare-120
  Wong SN, Sung RYT, Leung LCK. Validation of three oscillometric blood pressure devices against auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometer in children Blood Pressure Monitoring 2006;11:281-291
 
DxTek Monitor
Heard SO, Lisbon A, Toth I, Ramasubramanian R. An evaluation of  a New Continuous Blood Pressure Monitoring System in Critically Ill Patients. J Clin Anesth 2000;12:509-518
 
Finometer
Elvan-Taspinar A, UiterKamp LAMS, Sikkema JM, Bots ML, Koomans HA, Bruinse HW, Franx A. Validation and use of the Finometer for blood pressure measurement in normal, hypertensive and pre-eclamptic pregnancy J Hypertension 2003;21:S2053-2060
 
G-Care Electronics SP-800
Topouchian J, El Feghali R, El Assaad H, Pannier B, Asmar R. Validation of the G-Care Electronics SP-8000 ( op. cit. SP-800 ) Device for Blood Pressure Measurement According to the International Validation Protocol Journal of Hypertension 2006;24(suppl 4):S278
 
HoMedics BPA-300
Yarows SA. Accuracy of the HoMedics BPA-300, a home blood pressure monitor using the auscultatory method Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:339-343
 
Lohmeier B-606
Pujol E, Jimenez  L, Estrada D, de la Sierra A. Accuracy of the automated oscillometric device Lohmeier B-606 for measurement of blood pressure in hospitals. AJH 2002;15:74 A (Abstract)
 
Microlife
 
WatchBP Office
  Stergiou GS, Lin CW, Lin CM, Chang SL,Protogerou AD, Tzamouranis D, Nasothimiou E, Tan TM. Automated device that complies with current guidelines for office blood pressure measurement: design and pilot application study of the Microlife WatchBP Office device. Blood Press Monit 2008;13:231-235
 
  Stergiou GS, Tzamouranis D, Protogerou A, Nasothimiou E, Kapralos C. Validation of the Microlife Watch BP Office professional device for office blood pressure measurement according to the International protocol Blood Press Monit 2008;13:299-303
 
Omron
 
705IT
Stergiou GS, Yiannes NG, Rarra VC. Validation of the Omron 705 IT oscillometric device for home blood pressure measurement in children and adolescents: The Arsakion School Study Blood Pressure Monitoring 2006,11:229-234
 
Coleman A, Freeman P, Steel S, Shennan A. Validation of the Omron 705IT (HEM-759-E) oscillometric blood pressure monitoring device according to the British Hypertension Society protocol Blood Pressure Monitoring 2006;11:27-32
   
 
725 CIC
  Fonseca-Reyes S, Cervantes-Munguia R, de Alba-Garcia JG, Parra-Carrillo JZ, Lopez-Maldonado F, Montes-Casillas M. Evaluation and effects of the Omron 725 CIC device for measuring blood pressure in a hypertension clinic Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:321-327
   
 
HEM-907
  Omboni S, Riva I, Giglio I, Caldara G, Groppelli A, Parati G. Validation of the Omron M5-I, R5-I and HEM-907 automated blood pressure monitors in elderly individuals according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:233-242
   
  Arita M, Satani O, Ueno Y, Nishio I. Comparison with casual and automatically measured blood pressure in hypertensive patients - using new developed HEM 907. [dabl® Educational Trust regrets that full details are missing.] S23 (Abstract)
 
  El Assaad MA, Topouchian JA, Darne BM, Asmar RG Validation of the Omron HEM-907 device for blood pressure measurement. Blood Press Monit 2002;7:237-241
 
  White WB, Anwar YA. Evaluation of the overall efficacy of the Omron office digital blood pressure HEM-907 monitor in adults. Blood Press Monit 2001;6:107-110
 
 
MIT
  Golara M, Benedict A, Jones C. Randhawa M, Poston L, Shennan AH. Inflationary oscillometry provides accurate measurement of blood pressure in pre-eclampsia. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2002;109:1143-1147
 
  Cuckson AC, Jones CR, Randhawa M, Vincent T, Poston L, Shennan AH. Oscillometry detected on inflation can accurately reflect nercury sphygmomanometry. J Hypertension 2002;20(suppl 4):S234 (Abstract)
 
Primo
 
RACD
  Fix ML, Goldstein JN, Listwa TM, Nelson SW, Thomas SH. Comparison of a radial artery compression device with invasive radial artery blood pressure monitoringBlood Press Monit 2008;13:199-203
 
PulsePen
Salvi P, Lio G, Ricci E, Labat C, Benetos A. Validation of a new hand-held transcutaneous arterial tonometer for a non-invasive evaluation of blood pressure values, pulse wave morphology and central hemodynamic parameters J Hypertens 2004;22 (suppl 1):S130 (Abstract P465)
 
Spengler Tensionic Mod EPS 112
Bobrie G, Battaglia C. Assessment of Tensionic Mod EPS 112 semi-automatic device of blood pressure measurement (Manufactured by Spengler - France). J Hypertens 1999:17(Suppl 3):S22-S23. (Abstract)
 
Terumo
Tochikubo O, Nishijima K, Ohshige K, Kimura K. Accuracy and applicability of the Terumo ES-H55 double-cuff sphygmomanometer for hospital use Blood Press Monit 2003;8:203-209
 
Vasotrac
Belani K, Ozaki M, Hynson J, Hartmann T, Reyford H, Martino JM, Poliac M, Miller R. A new non-invasive method to measure blood pressure: results of multicenter trial. Anesthesiology 1999;91:686-692
 
Welch Allyn 'Vital Signs'
Alpert BS. Validation of the Welch Allyn Spot Vital Signs blood pressure device according to the ANSI/AAMI SP10: 2002. Accuracy and cost-efficiency successfully combined Blood Pressure Monitoring 2007;12:345-347
 
Wong SN, Sung RYT, Leung LCK. Validation of three oscillometric blood pressure devices against auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometer in children Blood Pressure Monitoring 2006;11:281-291
 
Davis P D, Dennis J L and Railton R. Evaluationof the A&D UA-767 and Welch Allyn Spot Vital Signs noninvasiveblood pressure monitors using a blood pressure simulator. Journalof Human Hypertension 2005;3:197-203
 
Jones CR, Taylor K, Poston L, Shennan AH. Validation of the Welch Allyn 'Vital Signs' oscillometric blood pressure monitor. J Hum Hypertens 2001;15:191-195
 
Braam RL, de Maat CHA, Thien TH. Accuracy of the Welch Allyn Vital Signs Monitor 52000 Blood Pressure Measuring Device. J Hypertens 2001;19(suppl 2):S24 (Abstract)
 
Braam RL, Thien Th. Validation of the Welch Allyn Vital Signs Monitor against intra-arterial blood pressure measurements and measurements with the Dinamap 1846 SX. J Hypertens 2001;19(suppl 2):S24 (Abstract)
 

Specific Automated Sphygmomanometers for Continuous Measurement

Finometer
Maestri R, Pinna GD, Robbi E, Capomolla S, La Rovere MT. Noninvasive measurement of blood pressure variability: accuracy of the Finometer monitor and comparison with the Finapres device. Physiol. Meas. 2005; 26:1125-1136
 
Elvan-Taspinar A, UiterKamp LAMS, Sikkema JM, Bots ML, Koomans HA, Bruinse HW, Franx A. Validation and use of the Finometer for blood pressure measurement in normal, hypertensive and pre-eclamptic pregnancy J Hypertension 2003;21:S2053-2060
 

Tonometry

Salvi P , Lio G , Labat C, Ricci E, Pannier B , Benetos A. Validation of a new non-invasive portable tonometer fordetermining arterial pressure wave and pulse wave velocity:the PulsePen device Journal of Hypertension 2004;22:2285–2293
 

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